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Published On 05-09-2021

How To Grow Marijuana Out Doors [A Beginners Guide]

How to grow marijuana outdoors: a beginner's guide

The best Mother Nature has to offer is utilized by the outdoor cultivators and results in producing the best harvest possible. Many users agree that the best marijuana they have experienced is grown outdoors under the whole gamut of natural sunlight. The spectrum is unique, which helps to create variations of terpenes and cannabinoids that use artificial lighting.

A basic guide

Marijuana has been cultivated outdoors for many years. Still, before you opt for putting a seedling into the soil, you must know exactly how the process works and the conditions needed for outdoor growth, which will be more successful. Growing marijuana outdoors is considered a great option for those who want to learn how marijuana can be planted or for those seeking a more natural environment for the marijuana plants.

Outdoor growing of marijuana plants is also preferred because they are cost-effective, need few sources to start, and do not require expensive environmental controls. Even when the marijuana plant is grown outdoor, the sun's full spectrum makes a clear difference. Each part of the spectrum is involved in proper growth and the development of the required molecules that make up the plant, including cannabinoids and terpenes.

How to grow marijuana plant outdoors

To grow marijuana plants outdoors, the minimum things required are the basic tools needed for gardening, pots, soil, a proper spot that receives proper sunlight, and a hose with access to water.

Using mother nature for cultivation

Cannabis is a hardy plant that is capable of adapting to the climates of the entire world. But they are still susceptible to some extreme weather conditions. When plants are outdoors, they face extreme challenges. These challenges can be avoided if they are planted with proper planning.

Being a beginner, firstly, you need to be aware of the local seasons and climate. They are the primary factors that need to be checked when planning to produce high-quality marijuana plants outdoors. Before you start planting, you should also know the ideal temperature that your plant will need to thrive. Also, try to be aware of the season's photoperiod, i.e., the best site, the intensity and amount of light available during the growing season, and the appropriate timing of planting and harvesting.

A little research will help go a long way, thus ensuring a good harvest. There are some general thumb rules apart from the various cultivars that will be beneficial no matter which cultivars you select. The preferable daytime temperature between 75 degrees to 85 degrees Fahrenheit or 23.9 degrees to 25.4 degrees Celsius is considered perfect for cannabis. On the other hand, temperatures above 88 degrees or below 60 degrees Fahrenheit will delay the growth. Cannabis is known for its ability to tolerate heat, but extreme lows and sustained highs will be leading to complications that would even kill the plants.

Cannabis is known to be a short-day plant. It means it will start to flower as the nighttime gets longer and when the daylight decreases gradually. Most plants will start to flower once they receive less than fifteen hours of sunlight every day. The latitude of the garden you are planting the marijuana plant directly impacts the number of hours the plant receives sunlight per day.

Beginners must plan the planting schedule to ensure that the plants finish their flowering period before rainfall and cold weather.

Choosing the perfect site

Choosing the right site is another crucial factor responsible for affecting the quality and yield of the marijuana plant. If possible, always opt for using the natural formations and structures in the garden. Use the windbreaks to prevent excessive stress on the plants, which could otherwise lead to the branches' breaking.

If you live in a climate that experiences exceptionally sunny and hit days, make use of the shade that can prevent the marijuana plants from getting overheated. In cold areas, brick or cement walls and natural enclosures are used to retain the available heat so as to keep the marijuana plants warm.

The location is highly dependent on planning for rains. Outdoor plants are highly detrimental to rain. Therefore be prepared to move the plants or cover the plants to achieve successful harvesting. In case it rains on your plant, tries to shake off the excess water immediately. Excessive moisture tends to form a mold which eventually ruins the harvesting.

Clones or seeds

Deciding whether to proceed with clones or seeds will eventually change the manner and timing by which the marijuana plants get introduced outdoors. Marijuana Plants grown from seeds are more vigorous and heartier than the ones that are grown from clones. The plants grown from seeds tend to produce sturdier taproot, which is not possible for the clones to replicate. The vigor produced by the deep roots proves to be an advantage when the plants deal with harsh climate and pressure from pests. But there are few disadvantages as well. The plants that are grown from seeds need additional attention to germinate seedlings, high variability in the characteristics of growth resulting from the genes, and the requirement to eliminate the males before they start pollinating the females.

First, you need to know that if you use seeds, start them one month before starting with clones to get the appropriate time for germination and develop their taproots adequately.

Similarly, there are also many advantages as well as disadvantages of using clones. Some of the advantages of clones are found at the local dispensary, do well typically outdoors, and are from a proven genetic lineage. They are the appropriate choice for inexperienced growers. The disadvantage of clones is they fail to develop deep taproot instead grow a fibrous root system. The fibrous root system decreases the ability of the plant to deal with different environmental stress and insects.

Containers and media

There are many options available when it comes to selecting the type of soil that is needed while planting marijuana plants outdoor. The soil's quality must be rich in nutrients, dark, fluffy, and light texture. It must have the capability to retain water, on the other hand allowing excess drainage. Potting organic soil in nature will be fine, but it will be perfect if organic soil is blended from scratch. The soil must be slightly acidic with a pH of around 6.

Containers are considered as convenient as they are easy to move. It helps to maximize the sunlight and also protects the plants from extreme conditions. Planting the marijuana plant directly on the ground needs more preparation and offers many benefits. Containers restrict growth, but marijuana plants grow thick and deep when planted on the ground. A greater quantity of nutrients can be easily accessed if the plants are planted on the ground. But one major disadvantage is that the plants cannot be moved when required.

Nutrients

More nutrients are required by the marijuana plants than any other common plants that you have in your garden. Quality soil must be used as it contains enough nutrients that are organic to proceed with the growth cycle. The three important nutrients that the marijuana plant requires are phosphorous, nitrogen, and potassium.

The organic compost tea includes ingredients that are rich in nutrients like earthworm and molasses casting compost. They are the popular brew for outdoor planting. The organic sources of nutrients include bone meal, alfalfa meal, fish emulsion, bat guano, kelp meal, dolomite, and emulsion.

FAQs:

1. What is the required temperature of growing marijuana plants outdoor?

The daytime temperature required to grow the marijuana plant must range between 75 degrees to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. It is considered to be ideal for the marijuana plant. Any temperature above 88 degrees or below 60 degrees Fahrenheit eventually delays the growth cycle.

2. Why are seeds preferred over clones?

Seeds are much preferred to clones as they are way heartier and vigorous when compared to clones. On the other hand, seeds also produce deep taproot as it helps to deal with the harsh climatic conditions and pest pressures.

3. What kind of soil is required to grow the marijuana plant?

The soil that is perfect for growing marijuana plants must be rich in nutrients and have a fluffy and light texture. The soil must also be slightly acidic with a pH of 6. Organic soil is blended from scratch; it proves to be appropriate for the more advanced grofers.

4. Why do clay pots need to be avoided for growing marijuana plants?

Clay points are heavy and retain heat which eventually dries out the plant's roots and soil. They are also expensive. Hence beginners avoid clay pots.

5. What are the three primary nutrients required for cultivating marijuana?

The three most essential nutrients required in different ratios to cultivate marijuana plants are potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus.

6. How can you protect cannabis from pests?

Cannabis must be protected from pests by organic insecticide and pesticide solutions. They are highly effective if used properly. Always try to avoid synthetic insecticides as it results in serious health effects while smoking these plants. Some beneficial insects such as bacteria and fungi are also helpful to protect the plants from their predatory and parasitic counterparts.

The bottom line

For beginners, always try to do your research well before you start to plant cannabis. Proper information is highly beneficial before you start the planting procedure to make the harvesting successful. Outdoor growing is cost-effective; therefore, beginners must always start with outdoor harvesting.

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